Title

Exploring dynamical complexity in a time-delayed tumor-immune model

Article Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Chaos

Abstract

The analysis of dynamical complexity in nonlinear phenomena is an effective tool to quantify the level of their structural disorder. In particular, a mathematical model of tumor-immune interactions can provide insight into cancer biology. Here, we present and explore the aspects of dynamical complexity, exhibited by a time-delayed tumor-immune model that describes the proliferation and survival of tumor cells under immune surveillance, governed by activated immune-effector cells, host cells, and concentrated interleukin-2. We show that by employing bifurcation analyses in different parametric regimes and the 0-1 test for chaoticity, the onset of chaos in the system can be predicted and also manifested by the emergence of multi-periodicity. This is further verified by studying one- and two-parameter bifurcation diagrams for different dynamical regimes of the system. Furthermore, we quantify the asymptotic behavior of the system by means of weighted recurrence entropy. This helps us to identify a resemblance between its dynamics and emergence of complexity. We find that the complexity in the model might indicate the phenomena of long-term cancer relapse, which provides evidence that incorporating time-delay in the effect of interleukin in the tumor model enhances remarkably the dynamical complexity of the tumor-immune interplay.

DOI

10.1063/5.0025510

Publication Date

12-1-2020

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