Date of Submission


Date of Award


Institute Name (Publisher)

Indian Statistical Institute

Document Type

Doctoral Thesis

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Subject Name

Quantitative Economics


Theoretical Statistics and Mathematics Unit (TSMU-Kolkata)


Iyengar, S.

Abstract (Summary of the Work)

The concept of growth with social justice is basic to the philosophy of development underlying Indian economic Planning. This philosophy is reflected in our former Prime Minister Mrs Indira Gandhi's foreword to the sixth Plan (1980-85) document where she wrote, Economic Growth must be balanced, it must ensure self - reliance, stability and social justice. All sections should be assured that there will be no discrimination'.It is with those weaker sections - rather a segment of them that this study is concerned, Our study is an attempt to look closely at the levels of living and the consumer behaviour of the Scheduled castes and Tribes (SC and ST) in Karnataka at the household level and try to gain insights into these aspects of the life of this particular section of people,Section 1,2 describes the historical background of this section of people.section 1.3 concerns itself with the social reform movements and briefly documents how the efforts of Mahatma Gandhi and Dr Ambedkar culminated in the commitment of the Government of India to formulate preferential (or protective) policies ln favour of the SC/ST. Section 1.4 describes briefly the government's policies to alleviate the sufferings of the SC/ST. The welfare schemes that form a part of the Government's policies of preference are evaluated by official agencies from time to time. The results of such evaluation are released in the form of official reports year after year from the office of the commissioner of Scheduled Castes and Tribes. Other sources of official information are the census documents of 1971 and 1981. Section 1.5 builds up their present status by describing the official reports and their conclusions for two periods of time viz. 1973-74 and 1977-78, Those years were chosen for the study mainly because disaggrogated household data of the type required were readily available with the National Sample survey Organisation (NGSO) for these two periods of time and for the latter period only for the State of Karnataka, This study in confined to Karnataka and Karnataka is divided into 4 regions based on geographical contiguity and there are clear inter-regional variations in economic and social development. This is brought out in section 1.6. Baotion 1,7 gives an outline of the thesis and concludes the present chapter1.2 Historical Profile of the BC/ET,Before beginning to look into the problems of the Scheduled Castes and Tribes, one must know their origin and development and how the expression 'Scheduled' came to be attached to them,Anyone who is Indian or has experienced the manners and customs of Indian (specially Hindu) society will know what 'Caste' means-at least in practical. Hindu society is compartmentalised into caste groups called 'Varnasl The 'Varna' system was initially a sort of occupation grouping. The highly respected Brahmins were those who knew Sanskrit and performed religious ritea and were teachers of Society. The Kshatriyas were the martial group whose duty wan to guard the people against enenias and the King, who ruled, was a Kahatriya. The Vaishyas looked after cutivnton, trvis and Commorce, Another group engaged in infarior servioe woro callod ShudraB.


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