Diffusion dynamics of a conductance-based neuronal population

Article Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Physical Review E


We study the spatiotemporal dynamics of a conductance-based neuronal cable. The processes of one-dimensional (1D) and 2D diffusion are considered for a single variable, which is the membrane voltage. A 2D Morris-Lecar (ML) model is introduced to investigate the nonlinear responses of an excitable conductance-based neuronal cable. We explore the parameter space of the uncoupled ML model and, based on the bifurcation diagram (as a function of stimulus current), we analyze the 1D diffusion dynamics in three regimes: phasic spiking, coexistence states (tonic spiking and phasic spiking exist together), and a quiescent state. We show (depending on parameters) that the diffusive system may generate regular and irregular bursting or spiking behavior. Further, we explore a 2D diffusion acting on the membrane voltage, where striped and hexagonlike patterns can be observed. To validate our numerical results and check the stability of the existing patterns generated by 2D diffusion, we use amplitude equations based on multiple-scale analysis. We incorporate 1D diffusion in an extended 3D version of the ML model, in which irregular bursting emerges for a certain diffusion strength. The generated patterns may have potential applications in nonlinear neuronal responses and signal transmission.



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