Impact of nitrogen fertilization and tillage practices on nitrous oxide emission from a summer rice ecosystem
Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science
Identification of the combination of tillage and N fertilization practices that reduce agricultural Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions while maintaining productivity is strongly required in the Indian subcontinent. This study investigated the effects of tillage in combination with different levels of nitrogen fertilizer on N2O emissions from a rice paddy for two consecutive seasons (2013–2014 and 2014–2015). The experiment consisted of two tillage practices, i.e., conventional (CT) and reduced tillage (RT), and four levels of nitrogen fertilizer, i.e., 0 kg N ha–1 (F1), 45 kg N ha–1 (F2), 60 kg N ha–1 (F3) and 75 kg N ha–1 (F4). Both tillage and fertilizer rate significantly affected cumulative N2O emissions (p < 0.05). Fertilizer at 45 and 60 kg N ha–1 in RT resulted in higher N2O emissions over than did the CT. Compared with the recommended level of 60 kg N ha−1, a 25% reduction in the fertilizer to 45 kg N ha−1 in both CT and RT increased nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) and maintained grain yield, resulting in the lowest yield-scaled N2O-N emission. The application of 45 kg N ha−1 reduced the cumulative emission by 6.08% and 6% in CT and RT practices, respectively, without compromising productivity.
Bordoloi, Nirmali; Baruah, Kushal Kumar; Bhattacharyya, Pradip; and Gupta, Prabhat Kumar, "Impact of nitrogen fertilization and tillage practices on nitrous oxide emission from a summer rice ecosystem" (2019). Journal Articles. 695.