More current with less particles due to power-law hopping
Journal of Physics Condensed Matter
We reveal interesting universal transport behavior of ordered one-dimensional fermionic systems with power-law hopping. We restrict ourselves to the case where the power-law decay exponent α > 1, so that the thermodynamic limit is well-defined. We explore the quantum phase-diagram of the non-interacting model in terms of the zero temperature Drude weight, which can be analytically calculated. Most interestingly, we reveal that for 1 < α < 2, there is a phase where the zero temperature Drude weight diverges as filling fraction goes to zero. Thus, in this regime, counter intuitively, reducing number of particles increases transport and is maximum for a sub-extensive number of particles. Being a statement about zero-filling, this transport behavior is immune to adding number conserving interaction terms. We have explicitly checked this using two different interacting systems. We propose that measurement of persistent current due to a flux through a mesoscopic ring with power-law hopping will give an experimental signature of this phase. In persistent current, the signature of this phase survives up to a finite temperature for a finite system. At higher temperatures, a crossover is seen. The maximum persistent current shows a power-law decay at high temperatures. This is in contrast with short ranged systems, where the persistent current decays exponentially with temperature.
Saha, Madhumita; Purkayastha, Archak; and Maiti, Santanu K., "More current with less particles due to power-law hopping" (2020). Journal Articles. 537.
Open Access, Green