Ecological analysis of nematodes associated with vegetable-maize cropping system at Dhapa, Kolkata (India)

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Research Article

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Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology


The study focused on the ecological analysis of plant and soil nematode communities associated with vegetables-maize crop sequences in the eastern fringe of Kolkata at Dhapa from December 2011 to April 2014 at a monthly interval. Plant-parasitic nematodes like Pratylenchus zeae, Meloidogyne incognita, Hoplolaimus indicus, Helicotylenchus dihystera, Tylenchorhynchus brevilineatus, Rotylenchulus reniformis, and Criconemoides onoensis were observed in two major cropping sequences of chilli-amaranthus-maize-radish-cauliflower and amaranthus-maize-cabbage-chilli. Among them, R. reniformis was found to be the most prevalent genera with the highest relative prominence value (RPV) of 27.29 followed by P. zeae (20.30) and T. brevilineatus (16.70). The population dynamics of P. zeae revealed the lowest density of the nematode was recorded (26 per 200 cc of soil + 5 g of the root) in March and the highest (634) in September. The variation in the abundances of other PPNs was also noted, and that attributed to the crops in the crop sequence and weather conditions. Low numbers of R. reniformis was found in the maize rhizosphere. The saprozoic nematodes (SNs) maintained higher mean densities (1734/200 cc soil); they were recorded in high numbers in the rainy season as compared to other seasons. No significant differences in the Shannon diversity index (H′), evenness (J) were observed across the growing period. A significant relationship was found between nematode abundance and climatic variables observed. This study provides baseline information on nematodes associated with maize-based cropping system, population abundance, Mylonchulus-SNs relationships, and population fluctuation in response to environmental factors.

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