Localization Properties of a Quasiperiodic Ladder under Physical Gain and Loss: Tuning of Critical Points, Mixed-Phase Zone and Mobility Edge

Article Type

Research Article

Publication Title



We explore the localization properties of a double-stranded ladder within a tight-binding framework where the site energies of different lattice sites are distributed in the cosine form following the Aubry–André–Harper (AAH) model. An imaginary site energy, which can be positive or negative, referred to as physical gain or loss, is included in each of these lattice sites which makes the system a non-Hermitian (NH) one. Depending on the distribution of imaginary site energies, we obtain balanced and imbalanced NH ladders of different types, and for all these cases, we critically investigate localization phenomena. Each ladder can be decoupled into two effective one-dimensional (1D) chains which exhibit two distinct critical points of transition from metallic to insulating (MI) phase. Because of the existence of two distinct critical points, a mixed-phase (MP) zone emerges which yields the possibility of getting a mobility edge (ME). The conducting behaviors of different energy eigenstates are investigated in terms of inverse participation ratio (IPR). The critical points and thus the MP window can be selectively controlled by tuning the strength of the imaginary site energies which brings a new insight into the localization aspect. A brief discussion on phase transition consid-ering a multi-stranded ladder was also given as a general case, to make the present communication a self-contained one. Our theoretical analysis can be utilized to investigate the localization phenomena in different kinds of simple and complex quasicrystals in the presence of physical gain and/or loss.



Publication Date



Open Access, Gold, Green

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