Impact of vigilance on the density variations in a food chain model

Article Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Ecological Complexity


Anti-predator behavior in the form of vigilance greatly influences the dynamics of a predator-prey system. In the present work, we investigate the impact of prey vigilance in a three-species food chain model where both prey and middle predator use vigilance as a survival strategy in the presence of their respective predators. We present basic mathematical results such as local and global stability, bifurcation behavior of the system. We explore the variation of the densities of the populations in different bi-parameter spaces and observe that vigilance plays a crucial role in the survival and extinction of the populations.



Publication Date


This document is currently not available here.