Influence of arsenate imposition on modulation of antioxidative defense network and its implication on thiol metabolism in some contrasting rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars

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Research Article

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Globally, many people have been suffering from arsenic poisoning. Arsenate (AsV) exposure to twelve rice cultivars caused growth retardation, triggered production of As-chelatin biopeptides and altered activities of antioxidants along with increase in ascorbate (AsA)–glutathione (GSH) contents as a protective measure. The effects were more conspicuous in cvs. Swarnadhan, Tulaipanji, Pusa basmati, Badshabhog, Tulsibhog and IR-20 to attenuate oxidative-overload mediated adversities. Contrastingly, in cvs. Bhutmuri, Kumargore, Binni, Vijaya, TN-1 and IR-64, effects were less conspicuous in terms of alterations in the said variables due to reduced generation of oxidative stress. Under As(V) imposition, the protective role of phytochelatins (PCs) were recorded where peaks height and levels of PCs (PC2, PC3 and PC4) were elevated significantly in the test seedlings with an endeavour to detoxify cells by sequestering arsenic–phytochelatin (As–PC) complex into vacuole that resulted in reprogramming of antioxidants network. Additionally, scatter plot correlation matrices, color-coded heat map analysis and regression slopes demonstrated varied adaptive responses of test cultivars, where cvs. Bhutmuri, Kumargore, Binni, Vijaya, TN-1 and IR-64 found tolerant against As(V) toxicity. Results were further justified by hierarchical clustering. These findings could help to grow identified tolerant rice cultivars in As-prone soil with sustainable growth and productivity after proper agricultural execution.

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