Role of assortativity in predicting burst synchronization using echo state network

Article Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Physical Review E


In this study, we use a reservoir computing based echo state network (ESN) to predict the collective burst synchronization of neurons. Specifically, we investigate the ability of ESN in predicting the burst synchronization of an ensemble of Rulkov neurons placed on a scale-free network. We have shown that a limited number of nodal dynamics used as input in the machine can capture the real trend of burst synchronization in this network. Further, we investigate the proper selection of nodal inputs of degree-degree (positive and negative) correlated networks. We show that for a disassortative network, selection of different input nodes based on degree has no significant role in the machine's prediction. However, in the case of assortative network, training the machine with the information (i.e., time series) of low degree nodes gives better results in predicting the burst synchronization. The results are found to be consistent with the investigation carried out with a continuous time Hindmarsh-Rose neuron model. Furthermore, the role of hyperparameters like spectral radius and leaking parameter of ESN on the prediction process has been examined. Finally, we explain the underlying mechanism responsible for observing these differences in the prediction in a degree correlated network.



Publication Date



Open Access, Green

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