Transport characteristics of a PT -symmetric non-Hermitian system: effect of environmental interaction

Article Type

Research Article

Publication Title

European Physical Journal Plus


The environmental influence is inevitable but often ignored in the study of electronic transport properties of small-scale systems. Such an environment-mediated interaction can generally be described by a parity-time symmetric non-Hermitian system with a balanced distribution of physical gain and loss. It is quite known in the literature that along with the conventional junction current, another current called bias-driven circular current can be established in a loop geometry depending upon the junction configuration. This current, further, induces a strong magnetic field that can even reach few tesla. What will happen to these quantities when the system interacts with its surrounding environment? Would it exhibit a detrimental response? We address such issues considering a two-terminal ring geometry where the junction setup is described within a tight-binding framework. All the transport quantities are evaluated using the standard Green’s function formalism based on the Landauer–Büttiker approach.



Publication Date



Open Access, Green

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