Neoproterozoic reworking of a Mesoproterozoic magmatic arc from the north-eastern part of the Central Indian Tectonic Zone: Implication for the growth and disintegration of the Indian shield in the Proterozoic supercontinental cycles

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Research Article

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Precambrian Research


Thermotectonic evolution of the rocks of the Central Indian Tectonic Zone (CITZ) is crucial to understand the growth of the Indian shield and its response to the supercontinental cycles of the Earth. In this study we present field, petrology, geochemistry, in-situ U-Pb zircon and Th-U-total Pb monazite dates from a suite of felsic orthogneisses from the least studied Makrohar Granulite Belt (MKGB) of the CITZ. Petrology and geochemical data identify two rock groups: charnockitic orthogneiss (COG) and garnet orthogneiss (GOG). Geochemical fingerprints suggest that the magmatic protoliths of the gneisses are S-type granitoids, formed in a continental arc setting. In situ U-Pb zircon dates yield the time of arc magmatism at ca. 1400–1350 Ma. This is the first report of mid-Mesoproterozoic arc magmatism in the CITZ. These arc granites were subsequently metamorphosed at granulite facies condition that culminated at ∼800–850 °C, 7–7.5 kbar. A prominent gneissic (migmatitic) fabric was formed with garnet ± orthopyroxene + plagioclase + K-feldspar + quartz as peak metamorphic assemblages. After reaching the recorded P-T maxima, the studied rocks followed a decompression and cooling path to 4 kbar and 500 °C. The inferred clockwise P-T path is consistent with reworking of the Mesoproterozoic arc granites in a continent–continent collisional setting. In-situ Th-U-total Pb monazite and in-situ U-Pb ages of zircon overgrowth constrain the age of deformation and metamorphism in the span of ca. 974–913 Ma. In combination with the published information, the results of this study are consistent with the views that (a) the Indian shield participated as a coherent block in the Columbia supercontinent since ca. 1450 Ma (or before), (b) the ca. 1400–1350 Ma arc magmatism is presumably linked to collapse or closure of a basin (either north or south of the MKGB) in the CITZ in response to the prolonged accretionary phase of the Columbia supercontinent and (c) during the assembly of the Rodinia supercontinent, localized dismembered fragments of the Columbia got re-amalgamated during late Mesoproterozoic to early Neoproterozoic. Archean cratons got fused along the Proterozoic mobile belts (such as Central Indian Tectonic Zone, Eastern Ghats Mobile Belt). Different units within these mobile belts also experienced local compression during this time frame of the Grenvillian orogeny in the Indian subcontinent.



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