Analysis of 61 SNPs from the CAD specific genomic loci reveals unique set of SNPs as significant markers in the Southern Indian population of Hyderabad

Article Type

Research Article

Publication Title

BMC Cardiovascular Disorders


Background: The present study is a part of the major project on coronary artery disease (CAD) carried out at Indian Statistical Institute, Hyderabad to investigate the pattern of association of SNPs selected from the CAD specific genomic loci. The study is expected to portray the genetic susceptibility profile of CAD specifically in the Southern Indian population of Hyderabad. Methods: The study was conducted in a cohort of 830 subjects comprising 350 CAD cases and 480 controls from Hyderabad. A prioritized set of 61 SNPs selected from the NHGRI GWAS catalogue were genotyped using FluidigmNanofluidic SNP Genotyping System and appropriate statistical analyses were used in interpreting the results. Results: After data pruning, out of 45 SNPs qualified for the association analysis, four SNPs were found to be highly significantly associated with increased risk for CAD even after Bonferroni correction for multiple testing (p < 0.001). These results were also replicated in the random subsets of the pooled cohort (70, 50 and 30%) suggesting internal consistency. The ROC analysis of the risk scores of the significant SNPs suggested highly significant area under curve (AUC = 0.749; p < 0.0001) implying predictive utility of these risk variants. Conclusions: The rs10455872 of LP(A) gene in particular showed profound risk for CAD (OR 35.9; CI 16.7–77.2) in this regional Indian population. The other significant SNP associations observed with respect to the pooled CAD cohort and in different anatomical and phenotypic severity categories reflected on the role of genetic heterogeneity in the clinical heterogeneity of CAD. The SNP rs7582720 of WDR12 gene, albeit not individually associated with CAD, was found to be conferring significant risk through epistatic interaction with two SNPs (rs6589566, rs1263163 in ZPR1, APOA5-APOA4 genes) of the 11q23.3 region.



Publication Date



Open Access, Gold, Green

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