Sleep Duration, Socio-demography and Health: An Exploratory Study

Article Type

Research Article

Publication Title

International Journal of Anthropology


Sleep duration, especially short and long sleep duration has association with increased morbidity and mortality, but the scenario among the indigenous groups is scanty. In view, the present study aimed to explore the night time sleep duration and its association with socio-demographic and health related factors among the Santals of West Bengal, India. The cross-sectional study conducted in 422 adult Santals including 241 males and 181 females living in rural and urban areas of West Bengal, India. Sleep duration, socio-demographic and health behaviour data had been collected by using well-tested ques-tionnaire/schedule. BMI and blood pressure data were collected through standard methods and instruments. Descriptive statistics, t-statistics/ANOVA and logistic regression were used to analyze the data. Majority of individuals of either sex (44%) reported standard sleep duration, but prevalence of short sleep duration was notably high (43%), whereas long sleep duration was reported by 13% participants. Significant mean differences exist in sleeping hours across most of the socio-demographic traits; health trait like BMI; and health behaviour trait like physical exercise status of the Santals. In multinomial logistic regression, younger age group (OR= 0.364) and engagement in any physical exercise (OR= 0.426) were significantly associated with short sleep duration, whereas long sleep duration was associated with lower educational status (OR= 11.311) when other socio-demographic, health and health behaviour variables remain controlled. The study amplify sleep related problem remain in indigenous people, especially among youth where awareness generation regarding lifestyle modification may proved to be beneficial to control the problem.

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