Identifying Epigenetic Biomarkers using Maximal Relevance and Minimal Redundancy Based Feature Selection for Multi-Omics Data

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Research Article

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IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience


Epigenetic Biomarker discovery is an important task in bioinformatics. In this article, we develop a new framework of identifying statistically significant epigenetic biomarkers using maximal-relevance and minimal-redundancy criterion based feature (gene) selection for multi-omics dataset. Firstly, we determine the genes that have both expression as well as methylation values, and follow normal distribution. Similarly, we identify the genes which consist of both expression and methylation values, but do not follow normal distribution. For each case, we utilize a gene-selection method that provides maximal-relevant, but variable-weighted minimum-redundant genes as top ranked genes. For statistical validation, we apply t-test on both the expression and methylation data consisting of only the normally distributed top ranked genes to determine how many of them are both differentially expressed andmethylated. Similarly, we utilize Limma package for performing non-parametric Empirical Bayes test on both expression and methylation data comprising only the non-normally distributed top ranked genes to identify how many of them are both differentially expressed and methylated. We finally report the top-ranking significant gene-markerswith biological validation. Moreover, our framework improves positive predictive rate and reduces false positive rate in marker identification. In addition, we provide a comparative analysis of our gene-selection method as well as othermethods based on classificationperformances obtained using several well-known classifiers.

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