Effects of awareness program and delay in the epidemic outbreak

Article Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences


In the present paper, an epidemic model has been proposed and analyzed to investigate the impact of awareness program and reporting delay in the epidemic outbreak. Awareness programs induce behavioral changes within the population, and divide the susceptible class into two subclasses, aware susceptible and unaware susceptible. The existence and the stability criteria of the equilibrium points are obtained in terms of the basic reproduction number. Considering time delay as the bifurcating parameter, the Hopf bifurcation analysis has been performed around the endemic equilibrium. The direction of the Hopf bifurcation and the stability of the bifurcating periodic solutions are investigated by using the normal form theory and central manifold theorem. To verify the analytical results, comprehensive numerical simulations are carried out. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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