An optimal algorithm for plane matchings in multipartite geometric graphs
Computational Geometry: Theory and Applications
Let P be a set of n points in general position in the plane which is partitioned into color classes. The set P is said to be color-balanced if the number of points of each color is at most ⌊n/2⌋. Given a color-balanced point set P, a balanced cut is a line which partitions P into two color-balanced point sets, each of size at most 2n/3+1. A colored matching of P is a perfect matching in which every edge connects two points of distinct colors by a straight line segment. A plane colored matching is a colored matching which is non-crossing. In this paper, we present an algorithm which computes a balanced cut for P in linear time. Consequently, we present an algorithm which computes a plane colored matching of P optimally in Θ(nlogn) time.
Biniaz, Ahmad; Maheshwari, Anil; Nandy, Subhas C.; and Smid, Michiel, "An optimal algorithm for plane matchings in multipartite geometric graphs" (2017). Journal Articles. 2555.