Time trends in mid-upper-arm anthropometry from 1982 to 2011 in male children and adolescents from Kolkata, India
Journal of Biosocial Science
The aim of this study was to investigate inter-generational changes in selected mid-upper-arm measurements of boys from Kolkata, India. The analysis was based on the anthropometric measurements of two cohorts of Bengali boys aged 7-16 from middle-class families, in 1982-83 and 2005-11. The two cohorts were compared in terms of their mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) and mid-upper-arm area (MUAA), mid-upper-arm muscle area (MUAMA), mid-upper-arm fat area (MUAFA) and Arm Fat Index (AFI). The significances of the differences were determined using two-way ANOVA. All features differed significantly between the examined cohorts and all showed a general positive secular trend. In most cases, the biggest differences were noted for 14-and 16-year olds and the smallest for the youngest boys. The contemporary boys seemed to have more favourable overall developmental conditions, probably related to socioeconomic progress in India over recent decades.
Żegleń, Magdalena; Kryst, Łukasz; Dasgupta, Parasmani; Saha, Rana; Das, Rituparna; and Das, Sukanta, "Time trends in mid-upper-arm anthropometry from 1982 to 2011 in male children and adolescents from Kolkata, India" (2021). Journal Articles. 2265.