Inhibition of arsenic transport from soil to rice grain with a sustained field-scale aerobic rice cultural practice

Article Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Journal of Environmental Management


A field-scale investigation has been carried out to assess the uptake of Arsenic (As) in rice under aerobic practice. Two consecutive field experiments have been designed considering the rice cultivation system's variation in the comparison between aerobic and flooded practices during monsoon and post-monsoon seasons using the cultivars of Swarna masuri and Satabdi, respectively. Notwithstanding the impact of the rice cultivation systems, the implications of amendments like iron, silicon, and organic matter were also taken into account on As uptake by rice. We hypothesized that the application of amendments in combination with sustained aerobic practice would reduce the subsequent accumulation of As in rice as compared to flooded practice (control). However, regardless of the cultivation systems, the grain productivity of rice delivered a non-significant impact. Results revealed that the plant available As content in soil under aerobic practice was averaged 22% and 26% lower than flooded, during monsoon and post-monsoon seasons, respectively. Aerobic treatment significantly reduced accumulation of As in root and straw as compared to flooded (p < 0.05), which in accordance corresponded to lower translocation efficiency of As from root to straw. For Swarna masuri, the bioaccumulation of As in polished rice, husk and bran was reduced by 33%, 48% and 47%, respectively, under aerobic practice. On the contrary, Satabdi exhibited a reduction in As accumulation with 54% in polished rice, followed by 31% and 38% in husk and bran, respectively. The inhibition of As uptake in rice was notably impacted by iron, silicon, and organic matter. Following the treatments of rice cultivation system and amendment, the bioaccumulation of As in rice plant parts was arranged in the order of root > straw > grain > husk > bran > polished rice in both the cultivars. The health risk assessment was also considered to estimate the potential human health risk measuring the estimated dietary intake and the health hazard quotient. The results highlighted that the consumption of rice grown in aerobic practice was ensured to provide non-carcinogenic health risk as compared to rice grown in flooded practice. In the overall attempt, the present investigation corroborates the insinuation of specific management practices in quantifying the reduction of As bioavailability in rice with subject to the concern of reducing human health risk.



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