IET Image Processing
Rapid advances in artificial intelligence have made it possible to produce forgeries good enough to fool an average user. As a result, there is growing interest in developing robust methods to counter such forgeries. This study presents a new Fourier spectrum-based method for detecting forged text in video images. The authors' premise is that brightness distribution and the spectrum shape exhibit irregular patterns (inconsistencies) for forged text, while appearing more regular for original text. The method divides the spectrum of an input image into sectors and tracks to highlight these effects. Specifically, positive and negative coefficients for sectors and tracks are extracted to quantify the brightness distribution. Variations in the shape of the spectrum are analysed by determining the angular relationship between the principal axes and the sectors/tracks of the spectrum. Next, it combines these two features to detect forged text in the images of IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity) numbers and document. For evaluation, the following datasets are used: own video dataset and standard datasets, namely, IMEI number, ICPR 2018 Fraud Document Contest, and a natural scene text dataset. Experimental results show that the proposed method outperforms existing methods in terms of average classification rate and F-score.
Nandanwar, Lokesh; Shivakumara, Palaiahnakote; Mondal, Prabir; Srinivas, Karpuravalli; Raghunandan; Pal, Umapada; Lu, Tong; and Lopresti, Daniel, "Forged text detection in video, scene, and document images" (2020). Journal Articles. 2.