Graphon-valued stochastic processes from population genetics
Annals of Applied Probability
The goal of this paper is to construct a natural class of graphon-valued processes arising from population genetics. We consider finite populations where individuals carry one of finitely many genetic types and change type according to Fisher–Wright resampling. At any time, each pair of individuals is linked by an edge with a probability that is given by a type-connection matrix, whose entries depend on the current types of the two individuals and on the current empirical type distribution of the entire population via a fitness function. We show that, in the large-population-size limit and with an appropriate scaling of time, the evolution of the associated adjacency matrix converges to a random process in the space of graphons, driven by the type-connection matrix and the underlying Fisher–Wright diffusion on the multi-type simplex. In the limit as the number of types tends to infinity, the limiting process is driven by the type-connection kernel and the underlying Fleming–Viot diffusion.
Athreya, Siva; Den Hollander, Frank; and Röllin, Adrian, "Graphon-valued stochastic processes from population genetics" (2021). Journal Articles. 1844.
Open Access, Green