Absolute non-violation of a three-setting steering inequality by two-qubit states

Article Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Quantum Information Processing


Steerability is a characteristic non-local trait of quantum states lying in between entanglement and Bell non-locality. A given quantum state is considered to be steerable if it violates a suitably chosen steering inequality. A quantum state which otherwise satisfies a certain inequality can violate the inequality under a global change of basis, i.e., if the state is transformed by a non-local unitary operation. Intriguingly, there are states which preserve their non-violation (pertaining to the said inequality) under any global unitary operation. The present work explores the effect of global unitary operations on the steering ability of a quantum state which lives in two qubits. We characterize such states in terms of a necessary and sufficient condition on their spectrum. Such states are also characterized in terms of some analytic characteristics of the set to which they belong. Looking back at steerability the present work also provides a relation between steerability and quantum teleportation together with the derivation of a result related to the optimal violation of steering inequality. An analytic estimation of the size of such non-violating states in terms of purity is also obtained. Interestingly, the estimation in terms of purity also gives a necessary and sufficient condition in terms of Bloch parameters of the state. Illustrations from some signature class of quantum states further underscore our observations.



Publication Date



All Open Access, Green

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