Quantum to classical one-way function and its applications in quantum money authentication

Article Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Quantum Information Processing


In 2013, Farid and Vasiliev [arXiv:1310.4922 [quant-ph]] for the first time proposed a way to construct a protocol for the realisation of “Classical to Quantum” one-way hash function, a derivative of the quantum one-way function as defined by Gottesman and Chuang [Technical Report arXiv:quant-ph/0105032] and used it for constructing quantum digital signatures. We, on the other hand, for the first time, propose the idea of a different kind of one-way function, which is “quantum-classical” in nature, that is, it takes an n-qubit quantum state of a definite kind as its input and produces a classical output. We formally define such a one-way function and propose a way to construct and realise it. The proposed one-way function turns out to be very useful in authenticating a quantum state in any quantum money scheme, and so we can construct many different quantum money schemes based on such a one-way function. Later in the paper, we also give explicit constructions of some interesting quantum money schemes like quantum bitcoins and quantum currency schemes, solely based on the proposed one-way function. The security of such schemes can be explained on the basis of the security of the underlying one-way functions.



Publication Date



All Open Access, Green

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