On some biochemical physiognomies of two common Darjeeling tea cultivars in relation to blister blight disease

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Research Article

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Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection


Tea, Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze, an agro-based industry, is considered as one of the prime sector of exporting resources and thus considered as “cash-crop”. Earlier report shows that tea is native to eastern and northern India, which was cultivated and consumed there since long back. Presently, more scientific reports confirmed the health-benefit traits of tea and awareness increased to a greater extent and in this regard, tea has gained its best worldwide popularity. Darjeeling Tea attained its highest acceptance globally for its pre-eminence in flavour, colour and taste and thus crop improvement is the prime interest to the Indian Scientific Community. Blister blight disease, a common disorder of tea bushes (Exobasidium vexans, a Basidiomycetes fungus) causes drastic damage of tea plantation. Depending on quality production, two common cultivars were released by TRA, Jorhat, Assam viz. Bannockburn–157 (B-157) and Ambei Valai - 2 (AV-2), of which B-157 is susceptible to the Blister Blight and AV-2 is fairly resistant cultivar. Some biochemical considerations between the two cultivars have been made here for understanding the biochemical reasons behind the resistant characteristics. Plant secondary metabolites, like total phenol, proanthocynadin, total soluble protein provide defending feature against disease onset. AV-2 cultivar shows advantage over B-157 in these regard. Depending on band intensity analysis of native gels, acid phosphatase, catechol oxidase, peroxidase and superoxide dismutase occur in superior amount in AV-2 cultivar than that of B-157. The specific role of these enzymes in blister blight disease compatibility of two cultivars studied has been discussed.

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