Anthropometry, Mahalanobis and Human Genetics
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis analysed large volumes of anthropometric data when he was founding statistical science in India. This experience enabled him to devise many innovative statistical methods and measures, notably D2. He also obtained seminal insights into diversity, affinities and structures of ethnic populations of India. However, anthropometric data did not provide the kind of insights he was seeking. Therefore, he initiated genetical studies in the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI). He received strong support from many internationally renowned scientists to initiate human genetics in ISI. His legacy has lived on and has gained strength over the years. ISI has made many seminal contributions to the understanding of structures and histories of Indian ethnic populations using genetical methods. This essay provides a historical perspective of the contributions of Mahalanobis and his legacy in this domain.
Majumder, Partha P., "Anthropometry, Mahalanobis and Human Genetics" (2018). Journal Articles. 1113.