A review on the bhuj earthquake in 2001 and its impact on the socio-economic lives of people in Gujarat

Article Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Disaster Advances


On 26th January 2001, a strong magnitude based (approximately, 7.9 Richter scale) earthquake had shattered Gujarat, the Western state of India. Historically, this natural disaster was considered as one of the devastating earthquakes ever happened in the country. The epicenter of the earthquake was found at Bhuj in Gujarat. The earthquake had resulted in a massive impact on the socio-economic lives of people in the affected areas. According to the official record, about 14,000 people were dead due to this natural disaster. Further, over 150,000 people had faced severe injuries. Millions of people had lost their houses and physical assets for the same. Post-earthquake incident, Government of India and Gujarat State Government had taken up various rehabilitation and reconstruction programs including re-establishment of houses, construction of public buildings and carrying out necessary infrastructure facilities in the roads and irrigation sections. Above all, the Gujarat earthquake in 2001 had provided an opportunity to assess the overall disaster management system in the country. In order to minimize the impact of earthquake in future, some early preparedness measurements are needed to be implemented. Also, it may be helpful to have appropriate post-disaster management programs for combating the critical situation efficiently.

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