Annals of Probability
On the integer lattice, we consider the discrete membrane model, a random interface in which the field has Laplacian interaction. We prove that, under appropriate rescaling, the discrete membrane model converges to the continuum membrane model in d ≥ 2. Namely, it is shown that the scaling limit in d = 2, 3 is a Holder continuous random field, while in d ≥ 4 the membrane model converges to a random distribution. As a by-product of the proof in d = 2, 3, we obtain the scaling limit of the maximum. This work complements the analogous results of Caravenna and Deuschel (Ann. Probab. 37 (2009) 903-945) in d = 1.
Cipriani, Alessandra; Dan, Biltu; and Hazra, Rajat Subhra, "The scaling limit of the membrane model" (2019). Journal Articles. 1008.