Date of Submission


Date of Award


Institute Name (Publisher)

Indian Statistical Institute

Document Type

Doctoral Thesis

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Subject Name

Quantitative Economics


Economic Research Unit (ERU-Kolkata)


Bose, Deb Kumar (ERU-Kolkata; ISI)

Abstract (Summary of the Work)

A massive investment programme has been undertaken in India through the process of planning. But the effects of such investment on economic growth are worked out only at the aggregate level for the country as a whole; its contribution to the growth of the different regions in the country is yet to be adequately understood. Now, for a large country like India with significant regional disparities in the level of living, an essential objective of development policy should be to reduce the existing economic inequality between the regions | in particular, the inequality in the level of living. The priority given to certain key projects in the country led to an early multiplication of national income and the redistribution of the same was thought necessary to reduce the inequality in level of income and hence in level of living. The need for forming stable regions which can themselves generate income through their existing economic activities and need not depend on the system of redistribution of national income has not received the importance it deserves.The object of this study is to provide a systematic approach for evaluating tho levels of overall and sect-oral economic activities prevailing in the districts of the country for 1960-61 and 1970-71 so that we can observe the growth process of the regions and the causal factors relevant to it. Levels of economic activity will mainly be measured on the basis of employment as the objective of planning should be to raise the standard of living by creating more employment. The delineation of economic regions on the basis of overall economic The activity is, therefore, a prime objective in our study. Overall economic activity consists basically of the activities of two sectors- agriculture and non agriculture. We shall say that a region has a balanced combination of activities if the levels of agricultural and non agricultural activities are close to each other.Secondary and tertiary activities, being the vital parts of non-agricultural activity, can properly grow only if there is favorable growth of agricultural activity. Since tertiary activity is dependent on the flow. of output from Bocondary activity, it follows that there should be a balanced emergence of secondary and agricultural activities. These two kinds of activity are to a great extent mutually dependent. They need to be given special attention and analyzed in greater depth. Agricultural activity has to be examined with special reference to the pressure of labour on agriculture and the role of inputs in promoting agricultural production. The study of secondary activity, on the other hand, will be special reference to its two components, small and large industrial activity, taken separately.


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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


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