Date of Submission


Date of Award


Institute Name (Publisher)

Indian Statistical Institute

Document Type

Doctoral Thesis

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Subject Name

Quantitative Economics


Economic Research Unit (ERU-Kolkata)


Rudra, Asok (ERU-Kolkata; ISI)

Abstract (Summary of the Work)

In this stuly, we have analysed some aspects of labour condi- tions and relations in Indian agriculture on the ba si s of available secondary source data.We have started our analysis by taking a look at the origin and growth of the class of agricul tural labourers in the Indian society. Possible explanations for the ori gin and growth of the agricul tural labour class have been reviewed in this context. We then prmceed to examine the trends in employment and unemployment in both the rural and urban sectors of India. The trends are studied in terms of absolute nurbers as well as percentages in the light of the different criteria of unemployment measurement thət have been advanced during recent years. Next we analyse the nature and extent of employment and unemployment in different pockets of the country with the help of farm-level data. We take up in this connection the familiar debate on 1Surplus Labourinagri culture.After this we examine the relative economic position of agricultural labourers over time as it has evolved by comparing the trends in agricultural wage rates and tho se in the pri ces of major cereals entering into the consumption of workers. Following this we examine emerging employer-labour relations and their economic significance. Variations in wages received by different kinds of hired labourers in agriculture is the subject taken up next.


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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


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