Date of Submission


Date of Award


Institute Name (Publisher)

Indian Statistical Institute

Document Type

Doctoral Thesis

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Subject Name

Quantitative Economics


Theoretical Statistics and Mathematics Unit (TSMU-Kolkata)


Pal, Mahindra Nath

Abstract (Summary of the Work)

The main objective of this study has been the statistical analysis by the use of those statistical and quantitative tools that could be considered appropriate for applications in an underdeveloped economy, where in usually lies sufficient data and information gaps, towards a proper diagnosis of the problems and prospects of economic activities in its diversified regional environments. This study is conducted with reference to an underdeveloped country, Nepal, where detailed regional analyses have hardly been attempted earlier, to evaluate the regional structures of economic activities for the purpose of clarifying oar visions for a proper kind of regional planning. Though Nepal is a Small country, the variations in its topographi cal features are so pronounced that wide diversities in economic activities have been resulted, shaping the destiny of the people at differ-. ent regional settings. In the absence of appropriate statistical analysis for the evaluation of detailed regional structures, tnational plans of Nepal, despite all good intentions for regional developments expressed in the plan documents, have hardly been successful towards improving the economic conditions of people, regional in general, and also reducing the geheral disparities in develop- mental activities in particular.The statistical and quantitative tools that have been appliad with success in this dissertation can be broadly summarised as follows :(a) Because of the poor reliability of data and data-base as exist in Nepal, we have often relied on more than one measures for every economic activity considered and relevant regional indices have. been formulated for those activities by various applications of mltivariate sta- tistical me thods and these regional indices have been used for the depictions of diversified regional struc- tures. Some of the main regional indices thus formulated are: (i) development index of agricultural and allied activities, (i1) composite index of industrial activities, (iii) composite index of tertiary and allied activities, (iv) development index of non-agricultural activities, (v) the over-all development index of all activities etc.(b) As the theme of the study falls in the inter-disciplinary involving mainly Statistics, it has been nece- field of Regional Science Geography and Economics in our case ssary for us to quantify some of the qualitative geogra- phical features for making them amenable to statistical anaiysis wiuı óthor quantitative variables. Here also the dependability of our quantifications have been enhanced by the use of the multivariate statistical approach and thus we have constructed, for example, a very important index like "the index of ruggedness that has been shown to influence major economic activities such as those based on soil resources (1ike arable crop- ping) or those affected by terrain types (like transpor- tation activity), etc.(c) Various multivaríate regression analyses have been used to identify relationships between different activities of develorment and their explanatory factors. In this (b) As the theme of the study falls in the inter-disciplinary involving mainly Statistics, it has been nece- field of Regional Science way, we could identi fy the factors responsible for regional variations in developmental levels, growth of activíties, At times we have determined population concentration, etc. conditional global rogressions with the use of appropriate dumny variables when free global relations could not be depicted for the varying nature of terrains present in the country.Analysis on the growth of certain important activities have been attempted through various quantitative tools.


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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


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